Almond tree: varieties, planting and maintenance

Delicate almond blossoms bloom during winter.

This fruit tree, which blooms in February, offers white or purplish pink shades as well as fruits, almonds. Here’s what you need to know to properly care for it.

A good idea might be to plant an almond tree to add character to your garden. Especially since it is possible to harvest the fruits it produces at the same time.

What are the varieties of almonds?

Belonging to the Rosaceae family and native to Central Asia, the almond tree is a hardy tree with about thirty varieties. Among the most common we find:

  • almond All in One;
  • princess almond tree;
  • Almond Aï;
  • Ferragnès almond tree;
  • almond tree Lauranne.

All are adapted to all climatic conditions and self-polluting. Their fruit harvest, with a hard or soft shell depending on the plant chosen, fluctuates between August and September.

Where and when to plant an almond tree?

The best time to plant this tree is autumn. This season allows the plant’s roots to develop peacefully in plain, light and relatively well-drained soil from the low temperatures of winter and frost. If you decide to plant in summer, it is better to avoid periods of heat.

In addition, it is better to prefer a sunny exposure – ideally oriented directly to the south, so that photosynthesis is at its maximum and its deciduous, elongated and jagged foliage can maintain the intensity of its green color for a long time.

To protect the white and purple-pink flowers that bloom on bare branches at the end of winter, it is advisable that the almond tree is not located in the axis of drafts, especially in case of capricious weather or late frosts. This is why it thrives more in Mediterranean areas, which are known to be milder.

Its optimal conditions allow a two-year harvest – in the spring for fresh almonds and at the end of summer for dry, enclosed in shells.

Watering, pruning: how to maintain this tree?

The almond tree can reach a height of up to 10 meters. Regular watering and pruning—between late summer and early fall—during the first two years will be beneficial. In return, its flowering and fruit production will be even richer. After that, watering will be necessary only in the summer, in case of intense drought for several days.

At the end of autumn, before the annual dormancy, you can cut off damaged or weakened branches and make a more airy cut to allow the sun to penetrate inside.

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