Hornbeam: planting, care and pruning

This shrub in the form of a privacy hedge is unpretentious and will find its place in all types of gardens. Planting, watering, pruning: find out everything you need to know.

Hornbill (carpinus betulus), hornwort and hornwort are three common names for this plant with a rounded and slender shape native to Europe and Asia, belonging to the Betulaceae family.

Why, when and where to plant hornbeam?

The usefulness of the hornbeam lies in its height and year-round opacity (except for winter), which allows you to stay in the garden away from prying eyes.

It can be planted throughout the year, but the most suitable time is early spring and autumn, if possible before the frosts.

To support its development and longevity, fresh and well-drained soil, deep enough, is essential. In addition, the common charm adapts to any type of exposure: sunny, partial shade or shade. Since its roots tend to take up space, it is recommended to leave enough space and not plant it too close to the house. Make sure the roots do not cross any underground pipes. In addition, drafts, southern and coastal areas should be avoided.

How to water and maintain hornbeam?

Regular watering is recommended for the first two years so that this hedge starts its growth in the best conditions. It is not afraid of negative temperatures: its green leaves, oval and serrated, embossed with veins, are dense, both deciduous and marcescent. This rustic hedge is not demanding. It can even live for more than a century, especially since it can resist diseases and other fungi, with the exception of coral and caterpillar diseases.

In case of prolonged drought for several days, you can mulch at the roots to keep the soil slightly moist, or water sporadically.

Does hornbeam grow fast?

Habr grows quite slowly.

Without regular maintenance, the height of the hornbeam can reach around twenty meters and its length around 7 meters. However, its growth is quite slow, so to achieve such a result you will have to be patient and admire, when spring comes, blooming in carnation-shaped inflorescences, which will be replaced by fruits grouped in clusters.

When and how to cut the charm?

In order for the common charm to grow back, annual pruning must be done during the summer. Cut off damaged leaves and stems, ventilate the heart of the bush so that the sun penetrates better. You can also trim it to get the desired shape.

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