Hydroponics or the art and method of growing without soil

Although the term “hydroponics” is not always well known, it is actually a soilless growing method that involves growing plants without soil, but in nutrient-enriched water. A technique widely used by professionals that can be implemented at home.

Hydroponics, what is it?

Hydroponics is a method of growing plants that consists of install them in water rather than in soil. The plants are supported by a support containing a drainage, sterile and neutral substrate. It can be clay balls, synthetic foam or even pozzolan. It is then supplemented with a nutrient solution in which their roots are soaked.

This nutrient solution consists of water, but also a liquid fertilizer which makes it possible to satisfy all the needs of plants in potassium, phosphorus, nitrogen, trace elements and other mineral salts necessary for their proper development.

What are the benefits of hydroponics?

If hydroponics is interesting for professionals because it allows you to increase productivity, it also has advantages if you want to practice it at home:

  • This allows you to grow all kinds of plantsregardless of the climate or soil type where you are;
  • Water and nutrient intake is optimal;
  • Plants grow faster;
  • Yields are higher;
  • It is possible to grow vertical plants: an interesting option when you lack space;
  • It allows you to save water;
  • It allowsavoid weeds;
  • The presence of parasites, often present in the soil, is greatly reduced;
  • Water supplies are well controlled, avoiding any water stress for plants.
    Hydroponics allows you to grow all kinds of plants, regardless of the climate or soil type where you are.

What are the disadvantages of hydroponics?

While hydroponics has some advantages, it is not without disadvantages. The main thing is that it is not not ecological. Indeed, the nutrient solution that allows plants to grow well must be renewed frequently, which involves rejecting water full of trace elements and mineral salts that are sometimes harmful to ecosystems due to their concentration.

Vegetables and fruits produced using this technique are also more subtle than others. The fact that they grew faster and did not benefit from the benefits of soil or sunlight means they are less palatable.

What plants to grow hydroponically?

While most plants can be candidates for hydroponics, this is especially true for fruits and vegetables such as strawberries, tomatoes, peppers, lettuce, and even herbs. It is also possible to grow flowers with hydroponics and especially orchids, which adapt well to this type of culture. Finally, hydroponics is an interesting technique when you want to create a green wall at home.

Most plants can be candidates for hydroponics, especially fruits and vegetables.
Most plants can be candidates for hydroponics, especially fruits and vegetables. 

How to try hydroponics at home?

Today, hydroponics is easy to try with commercially available equipment. Here are the various steps to follow:

  1. Get yourself a pot with a reserve of water.
  2. Add a neutral, sterile and draining substrate to the small basket that is placed in the pot. These can be clay balls, perlite or even coconut fibers.
  3. Place the plants in this substrate;
  4. Purchase a commercially available nutrient solution and mix it with water at the recommended doses;
  5. Change the water regularlyi.e. approximately every 5 to 7 days, although this varies depending on the size of the pot.

Leave a Comment