Natural mulch: valuable support against drought

Since the ground is rarely bare in nature, mulching is a technique that involves covering the soil to protect the plants that grow there. The benefits are numerous as we will see in this article.

What is natural mulch?

Mulching simply consists of cover the ground where plants grow from a layer of materials of natural origin, whether mineral or organic. Mulching can be done anywhere in your garden and for all types of plants, whether it is vegetables from the vegetable garden, fruit trees from the orchard, potted plants and other flower beds.

Why use natural mulch?

Apply this protective layer to the floor where it is many benefits :

  • Mulching limits the evaporation of water and helps to keep the soil cool even in the summer and at the same time reduces watering.
  • Mulching limits temperature fluctuations and protects plants from extreme temperatures.
  • Mulching contributes to the spread of underground life in the ground, a great source of nutrients for plants. It also allowsimprove soil structure.
  • Mulching protect the earth erosion that can cause rain and drying caused by wind and sun.

How to lay natural mulch?

A real alternative to mulching is installing natural mulch within the reach of all gardeners if you follow these various steps:

  1. First, weed the place where you want to place it, then water the soil abundantly.
  2. Then spread a thick layer of mulch, about 8 cm thick, around the plants you want to protect, taking care not to cover the crown of the plants.
  3. Water he just put the mulch on.
  4. Don’t hesitate to add a bit of mulch periodically when you notice that the thickness of the layer is decreasing.
The implementation of natural mulch is within the reach of all gardeners.
The implementation of natural mulch is within the reach of all gardeners. 

When to use natural mulch?

Mulching is possible different seasons of the year, unless there is a strong wind to blow it away and the ground is not frozen. However, avoid applying mulch in the spring as this, combined with warming soil, can lead to an overgrowth of parasites.

Choose the ideal time to install the mulch depending on the desired effect:

  • If we place it in the fall, we protect the plants from the winter cold and prepare the soil for next spring, because the mulch will enrich it as it decomposes.
  • If we install it in winter, we will prevent overgrowth of weeds.
  • Mulching in the summer is a good idea to separate watering as it helps keep the soil cool. However, in case of rain, remove it so that it soaks into the ground.

Which natural mulch to choose?

Depending on your plants and their needs certain mulches are preferred.

Organic mulches

Because they enrich the soil and improve its structure as they decompose, organic mulches play much more than a protective role. Discover four organic mulches we like to use in the garden:

  • straw is a material traditionally used to make mulch, to the extent that it inspired the name of the process. It is very interesting for its insulating properties that protect plants from cold and moisture;
  • BRF and wood chips are ideal for long-term mulching. They protect the soil from drying winds and improve its structure as they decompose;
  • cut grass, also called mulching, they are very effective in thin layers. Their decomposition releases nitrogen, which is quickly suitable for mulching vegetables;
  • Dead leaves they are a very interesting mulch for use in the vegetable garden after total crushing. As they decompose, they greatly enrich the soil and are easily obtained.
Dead leaves are a very interesting mulch to use in the vegetable garden.
Dead leaves are a very interesting mulch to use in the vegetable garden. 

Mineral mulch

Because they resist the passage of time and are very decorative, mineral mulches have their place in our gardens. Here are ours three mineral mulches it is preferred to choose according to the desired effect:

  • Clay balls are interesting for their strong drainage ability, which is very suitable for plants in pots.
  • Pozzolan is a rock of volcanic origin that insulates plants very well from the cold thanks to its very special honeycomb structure.
  • L’crushed slate is a slate stone that is well suited for plants that like acidic soils.

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