the rate of deployment in France is incompatible with the European goals for 2030 – Euractiv FR

The latest figures from the Renewable Energy Observatory, published on Thursday (January 25), show that France is falling short of its original targets for the deployment of renewable electricity for 2023. For 2030, the pace is picking up but not enough to meet European targets.

After accelerating the pace of renewable electricity deployment from 2021, deployment will slow in 2023 (4.5 GW) compared to 2022 (5.3 GW).

That pace “keeps the country behind its targets,” the Renewable Energy Observatory notes in a press release published Thursday (Jan. 25).

“With a 28% share of renewables in electricity consumption in 2022, the country is finally crossing the 27% mark that was its target at the end of 2020, but is still not on a trajectory to reach the 40% target by the end of 2030,” we read in the press release.

As a result, France is also falling short of its European goals.

At Community level, Member States have set a target of 42.5% of the share of renewable energy in final gross energy consumption by 2030.

Each member state has an individual effort-sharing target, but France and 10 other member states oppose the current distribution network. At the end of December, they asked the European Commission to reopen the regulation that defines the computing grid “fully recognize the contribution of all non-fossil energy sources” efforts to decarbonize the European economy.

Rather, it was necessary to have“strong political will. That is even at the heart of the debate”defends Jules Nyssen, President of the Union of Renewable Energies (SER), Euractiv France.

France, meanwhile, still refuses to tell the European Commission a quantified target for the share of renewables in its final gross energy consumption by 2030.

The latest energy law, which is currently under discussion in France and introduced at the beginning of January, also suffers from this pitfall. This is the reason why the government has proposed for the time being to shorten the text and subsequently incorporate the French renewable targets into its law.

11 member states require a “low carbon” directive

In a joint “nuclear alliance” declaration published on Tuesday (December 19th), 11 EU member states are calling for the Renewable Energy Deployment Directive to be further revised to become a “low carbon” directive.

Solar power in excellent condition

Everything is not to be thrown away: solar energy starts in 2023 with 3 GW of new installed capacity, taking advantage of the momentum started in 2021 and 2022 (2.6 GW of installed capacity per year).

“Rising grid electricity prices and the ever-increasing enthusiasm for self-consumption (small energy devices) will play a role in this dynamic, allowing the sector to come very close to the transition point set for 2023,” we can read in the press release message.

So the target was not met, but the pace of deployment is encouraging, as in the rest of Europe: +55.9 GW installed across the EU in 2023, including 14 GW in Germany, compared to 40 GW in 2022, according to SolarPower Europe In its latest report, the pace of growth could slow in 2024.

further “The activity in the very large installations sector (1 MW and above) is much more erratic”notes the report.

According to the IEA, solar energy is booming in Europe

The International Energy Agency (IEA) predicts that 61% of Europe’s electricity will come from renewable sources by 2028, thanks in part to an unprecedented wave of previously unthinkable solar panel installations.

Wind power is slowing down

Wind has slowed compared to 2022 and is expected to reach only 23 GW (including 0.7 GW offshore) in total deployed in 2023, compared to a planned 26.5 GW (including 2.4 GW offshore).

To blame is “a very long processing time for files and a set of regulatory restrictions that significantly reduce the number of territories available for new installations”, we read in the press release.

In order to remedy this, France adopted a law on the acceleration of renewable sources at the beginning of last year, the effects of which on the reality of projects have so far been moderate.

According to our information, the former energy transition minister Agnès Pannier-Runacher met more with local elected officials and prefects last year to unblock the projects. His departure noted, “we started working with two advisors to Bruno Le Maire (Minister of Economy, Industry, Digital Technologies and now Energy)”Jules Nyssen confides.

“But until the government is in full force, bandwidth will be a problem”.

France still remains “in the front group of European champions” installed wind power, behind Germany (66.2 GW of wind power installed at the end of 2022) and Spain (29 GW installed at the end of 2022, the observatory report says).

However, the European Commission is aware of the need to accelerate and in October 2023 presented an action plan to support the European sector, which is facing competition from Asian industry in particular and rising raw material prices.

The solar sector also suffers from international competition, especially from China. In Germany, the last European manufacturer of solar panels was launched by Meyer Burger that he was moving.

(Edited by Théophane Hartmann)

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